About aids awareness in essay

In many persons with ARC, the symptoms swollen glands, night sweats, fever, weight loss, fatigue, and dementia may be very severe. The current prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection in the U. In , the Public Health Service estimated that there were 1.

Public education to prevent further infection in the population is espoused by the U. However, a vaccine is unlikely to be found in the next five years, and its adequate distribution in the five years following that is unlikely because of problems of cost and potential litigation. Furthermore, a cure for AIDS is not foreseeable, given our current knowledge of the virus and technology for disabling it.

Even with the future promise of preventive education or vaccination, the burden of expected cases at current rates of infection is likely to strain health delivery seriously worldwide. Most cases of AIDS require multiple hospitalizations for acutely ill individuals requiring intensive care.

Although many AIDS patients may be treated outside the hospital with help for some activities of daily living, few facilities or programs exist to provide this kind of care. In the U.

Essay on AIDS for Students and Children

For information on AIDS funding of foundations, this essay has relied on the regular reports of the Foundation Center. However, the awards discussed here, the categories in which they have been made, and the kinds of recipients to whom they have been given represent current trends in foundation giving for AIDS. Twenty-eight foundations made the awards, and only a few recipients received more than one grant. Exhibit 1 shows the number of awards made for the calendar years to The exhibit does not include a few awards made in early , nor does it show one award surprisingly made in , the year in which the Centers for Disease Control CDC announced the appearance of AIDS.

Exhibit 1 clearly shows that foundation giving for AIDS has been modest over the past few years and has increased to a substantial level only in However, even excluding this very large program, twenty-seven other foundation awards were made in , a threefold increase over the number of awards made in any of the three preceding years.

Exhibit 2 shows the amount of foundation support for AIDS programs by category of award. Ten award categories are shown, although several of the categories are more specific instances of general areas of giving.

I. ESSAY: Foundation Funding For AIDS Education | Health Affairs

For example, there are three categories of grants pertaining to education, two categories pertaining to providing for patients, and two categories of research. The remaining grant categories include community planning, legal and ethical issues and services, and minority program development. The majority of the foundation figure is attributable to the grants program of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

No other category of support is even roughly comparable in amount to patient care. However, among the remaining categories, a number have received substantial support from one or more foundations. Recipients in this category were, for the most part, blood centers and academic research institutions, with the former accounting for over half of the funding for biomedical research.

This category includes support for activities such as counseling and testing, social and support services, and referrals. Wien Foundation. An additional category of giving is community planning. Two other categories that have received the attention of foundations pertain to education of the general public and of caregivers, respectively. These are education for high-risk groups, legal and ethical issues and services, and minority program development. As noted previously, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation exceeds all the other givers combined in total amount of award Exhibit 3.

It is not surprising that several of these foundations have customarily restricted their giving to New York and San Francisco or have given large amounts in these cities. What is surprising, however, is that the usual health grantmakers are poorly represented on this list. In the Grant Watch essay of the Summer Health Affairs, Betty Dooley provided a list of the top twenty-five health-funding foundations in A number of notable health givers are absent from the list of AIDS funders.

Much of the cost burden was falling on public hospitals in the major metropolitan areas, perhaps those least able to bear this burden.

It was equally clear that much of this cost was created by a lack of access for AIDS patients to out-of-hospital services. The Johnson Foundation was thus determined to promote community-based systems based on the San Francisco model in other metropolitan areas. Mervyn F. Silverman is the director of the program and Philip Lee chairs the program's national advisory committee. Drew Altman, now commissioner of New Jersey's Department of Human Services, was the original architect of the program, and Paul Jellinek administers the program at the Johnson Foundation.

In New Orleans, an economically depressed area, people with HIV infections tend to enter the health care system later in their illnesses and die earlier than those in other cities. However, this program was on the verge of being overwhelmed, faced severe budget cuts, and was totally dependent on volunteer efforts for support services.


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The Johnson program is attempting to relieve the burden of patient care by providing home care, skilled nursing care, and hospice services. This consortium will attempt to integrate services for AIDS patients with other community service providers.

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Additional print ads were distributed on billboards, on posters, and in a brochure. Radio public service announcements accompanied the print campaign. The task force was formed in by concerned individuals desiring to address the AIDS issue in greater Cleveland. Sometimes nervous impairment including loss of memory, inability to think clearly, loss of judgement and depression etc. The appearance of non-life threatening and recurrent infections is a signal for development of full blown AIDS.

The full blown AIDS shows severe weight loss due to persistent diarrhea and some opportunistic infections.


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    It is known as hugging social kissing, shaking hands, coughing, sneezing etc. In , only Across background characteristics, levels of awareness and knowledge show considerable variations in terms of age, gender, educational attainment and religion. As the age increases, the level of awareness also increases. Older respondents are more knowledgeable about AIDS as shown by higher percentage among them who agreed that AIDS infection is possible even with a single sexual encounter and from a person who looks healthy.

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