Essay on transportation system in india
Nationalists pointed out that the spread effects of railway expansion or the benefits of railway construction in terms of encouragement to the iron and steel industry and to capital investment—or the so-called backward and forward linkages—had been garnered by Britain and not, of course, India. Railways had never been thought of as a promoter of industries by the British authorities. Rather, its expansion would ease supply of raw materials to England and help the marketing of British manufactures in India.
The expansion of Indian railways undoubtedly created demand for steel in constructing railway lines, bridges and other infrastructures , engines and wagons, etc. Railway construction stimulated, on a very limited scale, some industries like the engineering industries, financial markets, and the labour markets through migration as the country imported most of the inputs required for railway construction before the World War I.
It is true that railway workshops were built for the purposes of producing and repairing parts needed for railways. But that too was developed on a limited scale. Most probably, coal mining stood as the important case of backward linkage of the railways. Again, for basic metal industries the railways came as a source of demand between the two World Wars.
The most classic example was the Tata Steel. However, financial markets being rudimentary and fragmented in this country did not act as linkage whatsoever. However, Dr. Ansety was not the taker of this view and argued that railways, by themselves, could not be held responsible for the destruction of cottage industries.
It is true that railways gave necessary stimulus to some important industries like cotton and woolen textile mills, sugar factories, leather and tanneries, etc. But, unfortunately, railways were built for strategic and commercial reasons.
It stimulated European rather than Indian industry. The necessity of fuel for railways made coal industry a growing industry. Railways not only created demand for Indian coal by roughly 30 p. It is true that though the needs of the railways stimulated coal production the railways did not provide the demand to the coal industry that they did in other countries.
In fact, high rates were responsible for the import of British coal though India had enough coal reserves. Because of high transport costs, prices of coal shot up. All this suggests that the spread-effects from the increased production of coal were deficient in strength. Actually, the high price of coal consequent upon a complex system of rates and fares had an especially dampening effect on various industries using coal as a source of energy.
Further, railway expansion helped increase in the drain of wealth from India since Indian railways were built with foreign capital and administered by foreign employees.
Short Paragraph on “Transport System in India” (199 Words)
Such arrangements involved remittance of money in the form of interest and profit and other variety of payments. Thus, the potential benefits of railways were far from actual benefits due to increased drain of wealth. Now, we conclude our discussion. Railways brought about economic specialization in agriculture. Railways released the latent potentialities of India for industrial advance. In the process, some modern industries were born while some important industries eclipsed. What started with only one channel, Doordarshan now is a global network of thousands and thousands of channels and platforms.
Even today T. Before the invention of modern transport modes and communication systems, the world used to be an isolated place for its inhabitants. But with the invention of modern vehicles and the speed and comfort of travel improving, transportation has brought the world much closer. But the trouble now is the sustainable development of transport and communication. Better transport and communication facilities can help improve billions of lives around the world.
Especially in the rural areas and massively underdeveloped countries like in Central Africa , these facilities can potentially save lives. But the trouble we face at a global level is to develop these facilities without causing environmental harm to the planet. Also, the facilities have to be accessible as well as affordable or they can erode the prosperity of a region. The UN and the World Bank are actively trying to bring about the necessary changes in the transport and communication of the world.
Ans: The answer is D.
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Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps. Download the App Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go. Indian Railways is now reorganised into 17 Zones.
Two new Railway Zones, viz. Currently, the Railways are in the process of inducting new designs of fuel-efficient locomotives of higher horse power, high-speed coaches and modern bogies for freight traffic.
Indian Railways have made impressive progress in indigenous production of rolling stock and variety of other equipment over the years and is now self- sufficient in most of the items. Since the inception of the planned era in , Indian Railways have implemented nine five-year plans, apart from annual plans in some years. During the Plans, emphasis was laid on a comprehensive programme of system modernisation.
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With capacity being stretched to the full, investments of cost-effective technological changes have become inescapable in order to meet the ever-increasing demand for rail transport. Along with the major thrust directed towards rehabilitation of assets, technological changes and up gradation of standards were initiated in important areas of track locomotives, passenger coaches, wagon bogie designs, signalling and telecommunication.
There are five undertakings under the administrative control of Ministry of Railways. They are as follows:. It provides consultancy services for transportation in India and in other countries wherever asked for. It takes the responsibility of construction of railway projects on turn-key basis within the country and in foreign countries specially in developing countries.
It is concerned with raising of funds through public borrowings for implementation of Railway Plan.